Since the beginning of modern civilization man has lavishly adorned buildings with polished marble. To this day it still remains a testament to fine living everywhere. The distinctive crystalline structure of marble allows it to be polished to a high gloss, which creates the illusion of depth. Coming in a vast array of colors, with good strength marble is ideal for use as a floor or wall covering and creates a distinguished classical look that complements every environment. Marble also comes honed, antiqued, and tumbled.
Marble Tile is Elegant
Physically, marbles are metamorphic representatives of limestone and are also siliceous calcium carbonate rocks except green marble, which is a magnesium silicate rock of serpentine nature of alkalis and ferromagnetic minerals. Marble and other calcareous stones are referred to as acid sensitive. Calcareous stones are readily dissolved in acid, therefore acidic products should not be used on limestone and marbles. There are several types of marbles, including calcites (from calciferous limestone), dolomites (from dolomite limestone), serpentines (typically green marbles), and travertine (sedentary limestone) which is one of the most popular natural stones for interior and exterior wall cladding. Each of these are similar in their composition, that being predominantly calcium carbonate, and their capability to take a polish.
Sealed Slate Makes A Rich looking Tile Floor
Slate is formed from very fine grained shale and clay deposits which settle in to layers under extreme temperature and pressure fluctuations. This creates the characteristic partings and grain distinctive of slate, this is known as its natural cleft and is ideal where a positive anti-slip finish is required. Slate tile either come in honed, tumbled or riven finishes for use on floors or walls.
Basalt is a very strong lava with high density and mainly consists of plagioclase, pyroxene and olivine. Basalt in general, is black, and sometimes sage green with dark purple, etc. and are formed from the spouting and cooling of the lava in the deep lithosphere.
They have strong resistance to wear and are usually used for building construction and road paving. The most common colors are copper, sea green, deoli green, silver gray etc. both natural and polished surfaces are available with or without grooving on the other side to impart ease for fixing.
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Granite is an igneous rock that is composed of four minerals. These minerals are quartz, feldspar, mica, and hornblende. Granite forms as magma cools far under the earth's surface. Because it hardens deep underground it cools very slowly. This allows crystals of the four minerals to grow large enough to be easily seen by the naked eye. Look at the photo's on the left and notice the different crystals in the rock.
Granite, quarried from the mountains of Italy, the US, India, and dozens of other countries around the world, is one of the most popular natural stones on the market.
Available in a striking array of colors, granites durability and longevity make it ideal for kitchen counter tops and other heavily used surfaces, including floors and shower walls.
While some synthetic surfaces scratch easily and melt under hot cookware, granite resists heat. Granite is also one of the most bacteria-resisitant kitchen surfaces, and is not affected by citric acid, and is usually not affected by coffee, tea alcohol or wine.
The lightest rocks form the continents, which are made mostly of the rock granite. Most of the granite on the continents has, over millions of years, been broken down, transported, and deposited into sedimentary rock. These layers of sedimentary rock vary from 8-9 miles thick to nothing in some areas like the Canadian Shield of North America. The Canadian Shield has huge outcroppings of granite right on the surface. Under the thick layers of sedimentary rock lies the denser granite.
The granite continents ride on a much denser rock called basalt. These basalts form the bottom of our continents and the bottom of our great oceans. This layer of rock extents down to 40 miles from the surface of the earth.
The crust is very thin in comparison to the other layers of the earth. The crust is only 3 miles thick under the oceans and about 40 miles thick under the highest mountains chains. The layer of the earth under the crust is called the mantle. It is over 1800 miles thick!! The crust and the upper level of the mantle form a layer of the earth that moves very slowly (1-4 inches per year). This layer that moves and causes earthquakes and volcanoes is called the Lithosphere.
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