Choosing between the variety of materials used for wall and floor coverings is not easy. Designers and decorators, architects and consumers looking for residential solutions as much in line with the latest fashion trends as with ecological guidelines, are surrounded by an enormous range of technical and aesthetic offers.
A solution? A classification of finishing materials which helps to better understand not only the aesthetic aspects, but also performance and practicability.
Natural Stones (marbles, granites)
Ceramic materials (ceramic tiles, bricks)
Bonding materials (plasters, screeds) and also
Composite materials (vinyl's, linoleum, rubber)
Organic materials of animal or vegetable origin (wood, cork, wallpaper, fabrics)
In the end however, ceramic tile enjoys a position of privilege and of absolute excellence. Ceramic tile has proven itself in the international market, thanks to its special properties making it one of the most resistant materials available today.
Strength, beauty, resistance, technology, design: all contained within a few square centimeters!
Speak To A Bathroom Remodeling & Tile Professional Today 949-295-1361
Tile Adds Value To Your Home
Selecting The Right Tile
Water Absorption Test: ASTM C373
One method for classifying ceramic tile is the percent of water absorption as measured by this test. Individual tiles are weighed, saturated in water then weighed again. The percent of difference between the two conditions is referred to as the water absorption value. Four categories of tiles are established using these results as a guideline.
Impervious: Tile with water absorption of 0.5 percent or less Vitreous: Tile with water absorption of 0.5 percent to 3 percent Semi Vitreous: Tile with water absorption of 3 percent to 7 percent. Non Vitreous: Tile with water absorption in excess of 7 percent.
The smaller percentage of water absorption the better the tile will perform when placed in a submerged or wet application. Non Vitreous tiles are not even recommended for floor use The test is also sometimes used as a good indicator to predict the stain resistance of unglazed tile, the lower the absorption the greater stain resistance.
Tile Is The Most Durable Surface
Abrasion Resistance Test "PEI Rating" ISO 10545-7 PEI - Porcelain enamael institute
The durability of a tile's glaze can be measured, subjectively, by oberving the visible surface of the tile when subjected to this test. Usually an abrasive pad is ground against the tile for a period of time. The amount of damage done to the glaze is recorded and assigned a PEI rating of #1- #5.
Class 1: Generally not recommended for use on floors. (tiles like the white 4x4 inch tiles that you see on counters or showers)
Class 2: Residential floor coverings in areas subject to soft-soled to normal footwear traffic with no scratching dirt. Domestic bathrooms and bedrooms without exterior access. (Light Traffic)
Calss 3: Residential floor coverings in areas subject to normal footwear traffic with small amounts of scratching dirt. Rooms in living areas of homes exept kitchens, entrances, and other areas that may be subject to high traffic. (Medium Traffic)
Class 4: Residential or light commercial floor coverings in areas subject to normal footwear. Halls, kitchens, entrys. (Medium-High Traffic)
Class 5: Commercial or residential floor coverings in areas subject to high traffic and scratching dirt. Malls, hotels, airports. (Heavy Traffic)
All floors should be adequately protected against scratching dirt in entrances to buildings by either floor mats, or some other footwear-cleaning device.
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